PERBANDINGAN APBN PEMERINTAH ERA PRESIDEN SBY – JK DAN JOKOWI – JK: ANALISIS BELANJA NEGARA PERSPEKTIF MAQĀSID SYARI`AH

SAYYIDATUL FITRIYAH, TIKA WIDIASTUTI, SRI HERIANINGRUM

Abstract


Government budget is an important thing to pay attention. Whether spending in the APBN can meet the basic needs of its people or not. In Islam, the basic needs are reflected in the five maqasid sharia namely hifdzud-din, hifdzun-nafs, hifdzul ‘aql, hifdzun-nasl and hifdzul-mal. This journal was written using descriptive qualitative research methods with the main data source in the form of an APBN. This study looked at the comparison of government spending during SBY - JK and Jokowi - JK based on functions, then included in the indicators of each of the five maqasid sharia. The results of the study show that in the era of President SBY - JK, the expenditure budget in maqasid sharia was prioritized on hifdzul-‘aql, hifdzun-nafs and hifdzul-mal, then on hifdzud-din and hifdzun-nasl. The level of maqasid syariah is in the order of the hifdzun-nafs budget in 2010 and 2011, and in the hifdzul-'aql in 2013. Whereas in the time of Jokowi – JK the budget priority in maqasid syariah was seen in hifdzul-mal and hufdzun-nafs, then on hifdzul -'aql, hifdzu-din and finally hifdzun-nasl. The level of maqasid sharia which is sequential is only found in the budget in hifdzul-‘aql in 2015, 2016 and 2018.


Keywords


Government Budget, Maqāsid Syariah, State Expenditure

References


Abubakar, A. (2016). Maqasid al-Shari’ah as Framework for Economic Develompment Theorization. International Journal of Islamic Economics and Finance Studies, 2: 1-47.

Amir, H.M.N. (2012). Application of The Principles of Maqasid Syariah in Administration ofThe Islamic Countries. Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences, 6(6).

Asyraf, W.D. (2009). Challenges of Realizing Maqasid al-Shariah in Islamic Capital Market: Special Focus on Equity-Based Sukuk. 3rd USM-ISDEV International Islamic Management Conference on Islamic Capital Market.

Asyraf, W.D., & Nurdianawati, I. A. (2011). Maqasid al-Shariah, Maslahah, and Corporate Social Responsibility. The American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences, 24:1.

Chapra, U. et. al. (1997). Etika Ekonomi Politik: Elemen-Elemen Strategis Pembangunan Masyarakat Islam. Surabaya: Risalah Gusti.

Chapra, U. (2000). Islam dan Pembangunan Ekonomi. Jakarta: Gema Insani Press.

Effendi, S. (2005). Ushul Fiqh. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group.

Emzir. (2014). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif: Analisis Data. Jakarta: RajaGrafindo Persada.

Fitra. (2007). Modul Advokasi Anggaran Pro Kaum Miskin Berbasis Ormas Islam. Jakarta: Seknas Fitra.

Fitriyah, S. & Qudsi, F. (2017). Politik Anggaran Pemerintah Daerah Perspektif Maqasid Syariah: Studi Analisis Sektoral pada APBD Kabupaten Bangkalan Tahun 2013 – 2015. Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah Teori dan Terapan, 4(10): 787-801.

Habib, A. (2012). Maqasid al-Shariah and Islamic Financial Product: A Framework For Assessment. Durham Research Online.

Jusmaliani, et. al. (2005). Kebijakan Ekonomi dalam Islam. Yogyakarta: Kreasi Wacana

Maftukhatusolikhah. (2015). Mempertimbangkan Tingkat Maqasid Syariah dalam Penentuan Anggaran Belanja Pemerintah. Jurnal I-Finance, 1(1).

Mannan, M.A. (1997). Teori dan Praktek Ekonomi Islam. Yogyakarta: Dana Bakti Prima Yasa

Monzer, K. (2006). Maqasid al Shari’ah in the Prohibition of Riba and their Implications for Modern Islamic Finance. Paper IIUM International Conference on Maqasid al Shariah, August 8-10 2006.

Syarifuddin, A. (2008). Ushul Fiqh. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group.

Yin, R.K. (2009). Studi Kasus Desain dan Metode. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.